Effects of EMS Training

  • Increasing bone density
  • Prevention of age-related fractures, particularly vertebrogenic compression fractures

  • Alleviation of osteoporosis

  • Optimisation of fat distribution and body fat/muscle ratio

Selected Literature:

  1. Effekt von Ganzkörper-Elektromyo -stimulation – „A series of studies“ Eine alternative Trainingstechnologie zur muskuloskelettalen Prävention bei älteren Menschen Osteologie 1/2015, S. 3-17 W. Kemmler; M. Teschler; S. von Stengel Institut für Medizinische Physik, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

  2. Whole-Body Electromyostimulation to Fight Osteopenia in Elderly Females: The Randomized Controlled Training and Electrostimulation Trial (TEST-III) Simon von Stengel, Michael Bebenek, Klaus Engelke, andWolfgang Kemmler Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen-N¨urnberg, 91052 Erlangen, Germany Journal of Osteoporosis Volume 2015, Article ID 643520, 7 pages

  3. Whole-body electromyostimulation as a means to impact muscle mass and abdominal body fat in lean sedentary, older female adults: subanalysis of the TEST-III trial J. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 10/2013 Wolfgang Kemmler, Simon von Stengel

  4. Impact of whole-body electromyostimulation on body composition in elderly women at risk for sarcopenia: the Training and ElectroStimulation Trial (TEST-III) Wolfgang Kemmler, Michael Bebenek, Klaus Engelke, Simon von Stengel Received: 11 December 2012 / Accepted: 29 July 2013 AGE; American Aging Association 2013

  5. Effekte der Ganzkörper-Elektro -myostimulation auf die Knochendichte eines Hochrisikokollektivs für Osteoporose. Eine randomisierte Studie mit älteren, schlanken und sportlich inaktiven Frauen mit Osteopenie. Osteologie 2013; pg 22 ff W. Kemmler; M. Bebenek; S. von Stengel Institut für Medizinische Physik, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

  6. Ganzkörper-Elektromyostimulation zur Prävention der Sarkopenie bei einem älteren Risikokollektiv. Die TEST-III Studie Kemmler W, Engelke K, von Stengel S Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin Jahrgang 63, Nr. 12 (2012)

13/01/2017

Prevention of sarcopenia and demineralisation of bones

Increasing bone density Prevention of age-related fractures, particularly vertebrogenic compression fractures Alleviation of osteoporosis Optimisation of fat distribution and body fat/muscle ratio Selected Literature: Effekt von Ganzkörper-Elektromyo -stimulation – „A series of studies“ Eine alternative Trainingstechnologie zur muskuloskelettalen Prävention bei älteren Menschen Osteologie 1/2015, S. 3-17 W. Kemmler; M. Teschler; S. von Stengel Institut für Medizinische Physik, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg Whole-Body Electromyostimulation to Fight Osteopenia in Elderly Females: The Randomized Controlled Training and Electrostimulation Trial (TEST-III) Simon von Stengel, Michael Bebenek, Klaus Engelke, andWolfgang Kemmler Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen-N¨urnberg, 91052 Erlangen, Germany Journal of Osteoporosis Volume 2015, Article ID 643520, 7 pages Whole-body electromyostimulation as a means to impact muscle mass and abdominal body fat in lean sedentary, older female adults: subanalysis of the TEST-III trial J. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 10/2013 Wolfgang Kemmler, Simon von Stengel Impact of whole-body electromyostimulation on body composition in elderly women […]
13/01/2017

Maximal oxygen consumption at the anaerobic threshold

Performance, stamina; oxygen consumption at the anaerobic threshold; maximal oxygen uptake EMS training leads to an increase in maximal oxygen consumption or oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold (at) of 22-37%. Vo2max; VO2 at 22-37% EMS training leads to an increase in maximum strength and/or performance at the anaerobic threshold (at) by up to 32%. Watt max; Watt at 32% EMS leads to an increase in the cardiac ejection fraction (EF) of 8% Selected Literature: Elektromyostimulation (EMS) bei kardiologischen Patienten. Wird das EMS-Training bedeutsam für die Sekundärprävention? Dirk Fritzsche, Andreas Fruend1, Sören Schenk1, Klaus-Peter Mellwig2, Heinz Kleinöder3, Jan Gummert1, Dieter Horstkotte2 Herz 35 · 2010 · Nr. 1 © Urban & Vogel Electrical myostimulation improves left ventricular function and peak oxygen consumption in patients with chronic heart failure: results from the exEMS study comparing different stimulation strategies Frank van Buuren • Klaus Peter Mellwig • Christian Prinz • Britta Korber […]
13/01/2017

Stamina

Static endurance: the average increase is 30.3% at an average stimulation frequency of 75 +/- 44 Hz. (1, 2, 3) Dynamic endurance: the average increase is 41% at an average stimulation frequency of 76 Hz +/- 10 Hz (2, 4, 5, 7). Long-term stimulation with low frequency stimulation of skeletal muscle in experiments on animals (rabbits) resulted in the development of mainly slow twitch muscle fibres with a high proportion of mitochondria (6). Selected Literature: Alon, G., McCombre, S.A., Koutsantonis, S., Stumphauzer, L.J., Burgwin, K.C., Parent, M.M., & Bosworth, R.A. (1987). Comparison of the Effects of Electrical Stimulation and Exercise on Abdominal Musculature. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 8(12), 567-573. Ballantyne, E., Donne, B. (1999): Effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on static and dynamic abdominal strength and endurance in healthy males. Sport Science, 431. Kahanovitz, N., Nordin, M., Verderame, R., Parnianpour, M., Yabut, S., Viola, K., Greenidge, N., […]
13/01/2017

Sprint and jump

The sprint studies showed improvements in competitive athletes of 3.1±1.7% over a 3-week period. Brocherie et al. (2) improvement of 4.8% in the sprint time of ice hockey players over 10m. Pichon et al. (9) improvement of 1.3% to cover 25m (sport type: swimming) and 1.45% for the 50m freestyle time. With combined strength training (plyometrics/EMS), Herrero et al. recorded (3) a 2.3% reduction in time needed to spring 20m among untrained individuals. After EMS training, jumping abilities improved by between 2.3% and 19.2%; after isometric EMS training (an average of +10±6.5%); and 6.7% to 21.4% after dynamic EMS training (1, 4, 5, 7, 8, 13). After combined EMS training, the literature states that there was an average increase in jumping ability of 11.2±5.5% (3, 6, 11). Selected Literature: Babault, N., Cometti, G., Bernardin, M., Pousson, M. &Chatard, J.-C. (2007). Effects of Electromyostimulation Training on Muscle Strength and Power of […]
13/01/2017

Elasticity and performance

Various authors have confirmed a positive effect on contraction speed (1, 3, 5). The EMS training group saw the greatest gain in movement speed (approx. 30% improvement in muscles involved in bending bones), thus significantly increasing performance (4, 6). A combination of classic strength training (hypertrophy) and EMS training increases both performance elements (movement speed and power), (4,6). Selected Literature: Andersen, L.L., & Aagaard, P. (2006). Influence of maximal muscle strength and intrinsic muscle contractile properties on contractile rate of force development. Eur J Appl Physiol, 96, 46-52. Babault, N., Cometti, G., Bernardin, M., Pousson, M. &Chatard, J.-C. (2007). Effects of Electromyostimulation Training on Muscle Strength and Power of Elite Rugby Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(2), 431-437. Colson, S., Martin, A., & Van Hoecke, J. (2000). Reexamination of training effects by electrostimulation in the human elbow musculoskeletal system. Int J Sports Med, 21(4), 281-288. Kleinöder, H. (2007). […]
13/01/2017

Maximum strength and muscle hypertrophy

Trained athletes from various disciplines experienced increases in maximum isometric strength of between 15% and 40%, with an average of 32.6% (5, 6, 7, 9, 22, 24, 27). The average improvement in maximum isometric strength following EMS training with untrained subjects was 23.5% (1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 25, 28). Athletes can achieve 30 – 40% improvements in maximum strength after only 5 weeks using EMS (12). Using MVC, competitive swimmers achieved improvements in the eccentric and concentric contractions of their latissimus dorsi and quadriceps femoris muscles and better freestyle swimming times (23). Case study of a high-performance weightlifter: 4 months of EMS training: 1 RM (repetition maximum) increased during squats by around 20kg, further improvements to ‘snatch’ and ‘clean and jerk’. EMS can also be provided to untrained people and those looking to get fit: muscle size increased by around […]
English